Rare deer in trouble?: White Deer Seneca Army Depot

Published: November 16, 2015

Rare deer in trouble?: White Deer Seneca Army Depot, Hundreds of ghostly white deer roaming among overgrown munitions bunkers at a sprawling former Army weapon depot face an uncertain future after living and breeding largely undisturbed since the middle of the last century.

The white deer — whose coloring is the result of a genetic quirk that developed naturally on the 7,000-acre, fenced-in expanse — have thrived, even as the depot itself has transitioned from one of the most important Cold War storehouses of bombs and ammunition to a decommissioned relic.

Now, as local officials seek to put the old Seneca Army Depot up for bid next month, there is concern that the sale could also mean the end of the line for the white deer. A group of residents dedicated to saving the animals has proposed turning the depot into a world-class tourist attraction to show off both its rich military history and its unusual wildlife. The Nature Conservancy also is looking at options for preserving the largely undeveloped landscape.

“When we ran bus tours on a limited basis between 2006 and 2012, we had people come from all over the United States to see the deer,” said Dennis Money of Seneca White Deer Inc. “People are enchanted by them.”

The white deer owe their continued existence to 24 miles of rusting chain-link perimeter fencing that went up when the depot was built in 1941, capturing several dozen wild white-tailed deer in the area’s extensive woodlands. The white deer are natural genetic variants of the normal brown ones. They’re not albinos, which lack all pigment, but are leucistic, lacking pigment only in their fur.


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