Gets landmark status: Stonewall Inn Landmark
Published: June 25, 2015
Gets landmark status: Stonewall Inn Landmark, The Stonewall Inn, the Greenwich Village bar where resistance to a police raid touched off the modern gay rights movement, was made a New York City landmark on Tuesday, the first time a site has been named primarily because of its significance in lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender history.
“New York City’s greatness lies in its inclusivity and diversity,” Meenakshi Srinivasan, chairwoman of the city’s Landmarks Preservation Commission, said before the unanimous vote. “The events at Stonewall were a turning point in the L.G.B.T. rights movement and in the history of our nation.”
Patrons fought back against a police raid on the Stonewall Inn on June 28, 1969, and the street protests that followed for several days are credited with galvanizing gay activism in New York and globally. The rebellion is commemorated with annual gay pride parades in hundreds of cities.
“Few sites anywhere in New York have the international resonance of Stonewall,” said Andrew Berman, executive director of the Greenwich Village Society for Historic Preservation.
The vote came after a public hearing in which every speaker supported the landmark designation.
“There are few locations that can be cited as the birthplace of a global movement,” said Councilman Corey Johnson, a Democrat whose district includes the Stonewall. “One such location is the Stonewall Inn.”
The building’s owners, Duell L.L.C., did not speak at the hearing. Officials with the company did not immediately return a call seeking comment.
The Real Estate Board of New York said it supported the landmark designation because the Stonewall “is clearly recognized in New York City and around the world as the birthplace of the L.G.B.T. rights movement.”
The designation covers two adjoining two-story buildings that together housed a gay bar starting in 1967.
One of the buildings, at 51 Christopher Street, is home to the current Stonewall Inn, which remains a gathering place for gay New Yorkers. The brick and stucco facades of the two structures, originally built as stables in the 1840s, have essentially been unchanged since 1969.
The Stonewall is not architecturally distinguished and would not earn landmark status on aesthetic grounds, several speakers noted.
The Stonewall was already part of the city-designated Greenwich Village Historic District, and it was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1999. But speakers at the hearing said the individual city landmark designation was necessary to preserve the Stonewall and recognize its historic importance.
“It must be protected against rapacious developers who would destroy the history of this sacred place and all it represents,” Letitia James, the city’s public advocate, said.
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